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In law, coercion is a term that can have different contextual meanings. Hard in contract law refers to circumstances in which a person or party is forced into a contractual agreement by illegitimate pressure. This can be done through the threat of physical violence, a threat to property or economic pressure. A person may also impose a forced defence if force or violence is used for the force to enter into or dismiss a contract. In case law, coercion or coercion refers to a situation in which a person acts as a result of violence, threat or other pressure on the person. Black`s Law Dictionary (6th edition) defines coercion as “any illegal threat or coercion used… to encourage another to act in a way they would not otherwise do.┬áDuress is pressured on a person to force that person to perform an act that he or she would not normally do. The notion of coercion must be distinguished from both an unjustified influence of civil law. In criminal law, coercion and necessity are different defences.

[1] Thus, in DPP v Bell (1992) Crim LR 176, the accused successfully pleaded compulsively to drive with excess alcohol, because after an incident in a bar that caused him to fear for his physical safety, he escaped in his car, safely spent only short distances, and then abandoned criminal activity as quickly as possible. While at R v Baker and Wilkins (1997) Crim LR 497 (CA), the mother of one child and another forced the door of her father`s house to retrieve the child from his property. The measures were taken to defend the child, so that three defences were raised: the law limits the nature of the threat that must be imposed on a person in order for him to be under duress. The danger must be death or serious bodily harm, either to the accused, to his immediate family or to someone close to him. In R/Singh,[11] the Court of Appeal held that a threat to discover the defendant`s adultery would not pose a sufficient threat to convey the will of an ordinary person. Below, we examine in detail the teaching of compulsive, the different types of constraint and the jurisprudence associated with it, as well as the effects of coercion, where proven. Forcing someone to act against their best judgment or doing something they don`t want to do is against the law. In the eyes of the law, any agreement reached by a person under duress is null and void. For example, coercion is when an Accountant An accounting role is very important in an organization, whether it is a multinational or a small, national one. He is obliged to sign a document indicating the transfer of money to another person with a gun to his head. If the accountant refuses to sign the document, he or she may immediately cause bodily harm or even death. The accountant can sign the document and later revoke the contract using duress in court as a defence.

A person may be associated with an obscure group of men who pursue criminal objectives and coercive methods to ensure that their outlawed businesses are carried out and thus voluntarily expose themselves to unlawful coercion, whether the group is or becomes a prohibited organization… Where a person voluntarily exposes himself and submits, like the applicant, to unlawful coercion, he cannot rely on the duty of coercion that he has voluntarily imposed as an excuse for the crimes he has committed against his will or for his continued but reluctant links with those who are able to exercise the coercion he invokes as an aid.