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The Ashgabat Agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. [1] [2] The agreement came into force in April 2016. Ashgabat in Turkmenistan is the state of filing of the agreement. [3] [4] [5] Better known as the “Ashgabat Agreement,” it was originally signed on 25 April 2011 among the four founding members, Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. India recently acceded to the Ashgabat Agreement, which was launched in April 2011 to establish a multimodal international transport and transit corridor between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. The agreement was first signed on 25 April 2011 by Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Oman and Qatar. While Qatar withdrew from the agreement in 2013, Kazakhstan and Pakistan joined the group in 2016. The Ashgabat agreement came into force in April 2016. The aim is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other regional transport corridors, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). The IRU TIR-EPD, a free web-based digital platform with applications in 18 languages that allows carriers to send advance information about goods transported as part of the TIR procedure, makes TIR travel even faster and more efficient. The eTIR system offers real-time data availability, online monitoring, improved reliability and flexible warranties. Central Asian states are already members of the TIR convention.

The agreement was originally signed on 25 April 2011 by Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Qatar then withdrew from the agreement in 2013, the same year Kazakhstan applied for membership, which was finally approved in 2015. [6] [7] Pakistan has also joined the agreement since November 2016. [8] [9] India officially joined in February 2018. [10] Since 2017, the port of Chabahar in Iran has established a commercial link between India and Afghanistan without having to cross Pakistani territory. [13] [14] The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015. [15] The Ashgabat Agreement provides for the facilitation of the transit and transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.